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What is IVF?

Prague Medical Institute / Blog  / What is IVF?

What is IVF?

IVF stands for In Vitro Fertilization, the procedure in which a woman’s egg is fertilized by the man’s sperm outside the uterus on an IVP Petri dish in the laboratory. This procedure is derived from its roots of Latin called ‘In Glass’. IVF procedure has been popular among number of women who use it for different reasons. Their ideal European destination for this procedure is Czech Republic. The concept of IVF was introduced by Sir Robert Joeffrey and his team of experts after successfully reproducing the first test tube baby through IVP procedure in 1978. He was awarded a Noble Peace Prize for Physiology in 2010.

The IVF procedure involves five steps in general:

First is the Simulation or also called as the Super Ovulation process, where the woman undergoing the IVF procedure is given fertility drugs to have better or multiple egg production. Transvaginal ultrasounds for ovaries and blood test for hormone levels are routinely monitored.
In the second- Egg Retrieval process, the woman undergoes the follicular aspiration which is a minor clinical surgery in which eggs are sucked out from ovaries by a thin pin inserted in the sacks. This process is monitored under the ultrasound images. Patients may experience normal cramps lasting for a few hours.

In the third step of Insemination and Fertilization, best eggs of the woman are mixed together with the man’s sperms which are kept for natural fertilization for a few hours in an environmentally controlled chamber. In cases where doctors see lower chances of fertility, they manually insert the sperms in the egg by performing a procedure called as Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI).
The fourth step involves Embryo Culture where the fertilized egg becomes embryo with dividing cells in it. It is carefully monitored under the microscope for 5 days.

The fifth and the last step in which the embryos are normally transferred in the woman’s body after 5 days of inspection. The clinical procedure of injecting the embryos through cervix in the womb is considered successful by the doctor if the embryo implants itself into the lining of the womb.
We at PMI also not only align a dedicated doctor, however assure you a safer and cleaner environment with right medical guidance for the procedure. Peace of mind is our promise which we deliver through ideal practices followed by our professionals.

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